Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and


^ Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts







Student




Probe 2

Probe 4

Probe 6

Mean

Difference




























WPM

WPM

WPM

WPM




C1




96

128

150

124.6667

54

C2




96

132

150

126

54

C3




170

177

198

181.6667

28

C4




78

110

118

102

40

C5




78

125

130

111

52

C6




62

67

104

77.66667

42

C7




79

118

112

103

33

C8




95

152

141

129.3333

46

C9




96

131

137

121.3333

41

C10




81

124

122

109

41

C11




165

173

171

169.6667

6

C12




114

142

175

143.6667

61

C13




79

82

95

85.33333

16

C14




91

100

145

112

54

C15




129

156

157

147.3333

28

C16




76

112

124

104

48

C17




67

89

88

81.33333

21

C18




73

123

135

110.3333

62

C19




70

113

123

102

53

C20




88

145

127

120

39










Student




Probe 1

Probe 3

Probe 5

Mean

Difference




























WPM

WPM

WPM

WPM




C1




141

124

131

132

-10

C2




127

129

154

136.6667

27

C3




162

177

178

172.3333

16

C Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and4




101

74

112

95.66667

11

C5




103

87

122

104

19

C6




91

45

77

71

-14

C7




91

86

124

100.3333

33

C8




124

121

134

126.3333

10

C9




120

115

127

120.6667

7

C10




102

71

104

92.33333

2

C112




129

149

178

152

49

C12




134

142

147

141

13

C13




98

75

99

90.66667

1

C14










100

100

0

C15




117

121

144

127.3333

27

C16




96

77

87

86.66667

-9

C17




91

67

89

82.33333

-2

C18




96

109

119

108

23

C19




88

82

106

92

4

C20




110

139

157

135.3333

47
Table 6. Class C Fluency with Electronic Texts


The mean fluency scores for printed texts and Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and electronic texts were compared using a

t test resulting in a two-tailed P value equaling 0.0408. The paired t test score was

t= 2.1943, df=19, and N=20. By conventional criteria, this difference was considered to be Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and statistically significant. Even though the results were not extremely statistically significant like Class B, Class C participants also read the electronic test at a slower rate when comparing mean scores of correct Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and words read per minute.


Comprehension

Class A, B, and C read chapters one, three, five, and seven/eight on the computer in the form of an e-book. Chapters seven Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and and eight were combined because of their short length. Alternating each week, the participants read chapters two, four, six, and nine using the printed text copy. Before each individual chapter was read, the class Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and discussed the prior chapter, previewing and predicting the story. In addition, they previewed the comprehension questions to be answered after their reading that day. Immediately following the reading of each chapter, the student Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and answered six comprehension questions about the story. The questions included one question from each level of Bloom’s Taxonomy. Each correct question was valued as one point and each incorrect answer Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and was deducted as one point or one-half point. The highest score was six and the lowest score was zero. The mean scores for the electronic text tests and the Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and printed text were calculated for each participant and then a paired t test was calculated to determine if any statistical significant difference was evident.

Class A had 17 participants that read chapters one, three, five, and Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and seven/eight using an e-book that had been down loaded from www.Ebooks.com. Their mean comprehension score was 5.19 (see Table 7). Chapters two, four, six, and nine were read using the Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and printed text and their mean comprehension score was 5.10 (see Table 8).












Student




Chapter 1

Chapter3

Chapter 5

Chapter 7/8




Mean

























A1




5

1

5

5




4

A2




5

6

5

5




5.25

A3




6

5

4

5.5




5.125

A4




6

6

5

4.5




5.375

A5




5

4

5

6




5

A6




5

6

4.5

6




5.375

A7




6

6

4.5

6




5.625

A8




5

3

4

6




4.5

A9




6

5

2

5




4.5

A10




6

6

5

6




5.75

A11




6

6

5

5




5.5

A12




6

6

5.5

6




5.875

A13




5

5

2

6




4.5

A14




6

6

6

6




6

A15




6

6

5

6




5.75

A16




6

6

3.5

6




5.375

A17




5

4

4

6




4.75
Table Table 5. Fluency with Printed Texts - A comparison of the influence of e-books and 7. Class A Comprehension with Electronic Texts


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