Missile defense agency (mda) - 10

End-to-End BMDS Interceptor / Ground Terminal Communication Links

TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Sensors, Electronics, Space Platforms


OBJECTIVE: Develop innovative design/development/test concepts to enhance the reliability of communications between the Ballistic Missile Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Defense System (BMDS) Fire Control and Interceptor/Kill Vehicles under severe wartime conditions. The фокус is to increase probability of message delivery in the presence of both adversarial electronic counter Missile defense agency (mda) - 10-measures (ECM) and signal fading caused by ionospheric scintillation arising from high altitude nuclear explosions. Provide analysis of proposed communications solutions within the framework of the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) layered Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 architecture, and develop prototype hardware that will demonstrate the utility of the proposed solution.

DESCRIPTION: MDA is seeking innovative approaches to hardening communications systems for current and future Interceptor/Kill Vehicle systems. All future Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 MDA interceptor communication systems must employ effective means to mitigate link performance degradations mechanisms associated with wartime environments. Specific issues that the successful bidder should consider include:

1. Representation and modeling Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 of fading channels and threat ECM techniques.

2. Link Attributes (i.e., data rate, bandwidth, range, latency, error rates).

3. Channel waveform design.

4. Communication system performance prediction methods.

5. Receiver mitigation techniques for signal fading.

6. Jam Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 and Intelligence gathering resistance.

7. Interference avoidance with and from the existing communications systems.

8. Transmission during ground and range testing as well as during wartime operations.

9. Platform weight, size, and power constraints Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 (especially on flight vehicles).

10. New technology insertion alternatives and schedules.

11. Cost trades of proposed communications solutions.

Any proposed communications schemes must be scaleable as Missile Defense architectures grow in both geographic coverage (locations Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 & platforms) and in hardware (number and type of interceptors or kill vehicles).

PHASE I: Contractors shall propose and analyze candidate end-to-end communications solutions for providing robust connectivity to missiles and/or Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 kill vehicles within the evolving MDA architecture. The contractor shall identify the strengths/weaknesses associated with different solutions/ concepts. The output shall be a set of communications system and hardware trades, which substantiate Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 the proposed solution(s) and provides quantifiable metrics for comparison. Issues associated with the high altitude nuclear explosions and insertion of new technologies shall be highlighted.

PHASE II: The contractor shall Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 select the optimal communication system design proposed in Phase I and perform a detailed design of the system. Specific hardware components will be identified and new designs initiated if necessary. New technologies Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 will be developed and demonstrated for hardness, reliability and performance. Contractor shall begin coordination with MDA contractors to ensure products will be relevant to ongoing and planned projects.

PHASE III Missile defense agency (mda) - 10: The contractor shall work with MDA industrial partner(s) to maximize the transfer of this development to missile defense and to identify a tractable Phase III project that can become a by-product of this Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 overall program.

PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL: Other efforts within the DoD are focused on two-way data links to weapons systems and this technology will, most likely, be transferred Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 to those programs. The number of weapons that could ultimately use this technology would be substantial. Commercial applications would be in the cell-phone industry, airline communications, and over-the-air communications.


1. Digital Communications Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 in Fading Channels: Modulation and Coding, R. L. Bogusch. Mission Research Corp., Report for Air Force Weapons Lab, Kirtland Air Force Base, NM, 1989.

2. DARPA Tactical Targeting and Network Technology (TTNT Missile defense agency (mda) - 10) program http://dtsn.darpa.mil/ixo/programdetail.asp?progid=9.

3. Valenti, M.C., E. Hueffmeirer, R.L. Bogusch and J. Fryer, “Towards the capacity of noncoherent orthogonal modulation: BICM-ID for turbo coded NFSK Missile defense agency (mda) - 10, Proceedings of the IEEE Military Communication Conference (MILCOM), November 2004, pp. 1549-1555.

4. MIL-STD-461, "Electromagnetic Emission and Susceptibility Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic Interference", military standard, procedure CE106.

5. For more on Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 high-altitude EMPs, see "U.S. Representative Roscoe Bartlett (R-MD) Holds Hearing on Electromagnetic Pulse and Business," House Small Business Committee Subcommittee on Government Programs and Oversight, FDCH Political Transcripts, Federal Document Clearing Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 House, Inc., June 1,

1999; "U.S. Representative Curt Weldon (R-PA) Holds Hearing on Effect of Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks," House Armed Services Committee Subcommittee on Military Research and Development, FDCH Political Transcripts, October Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 7, 1999; "Hearing of the Military Research and Development Subcommittee of the House National Security Committee on Electromagnetic Pulse Threats," Federal News Service, Federal Information Systems Corporation, July 16, 1997; and Office of Technology Assessment Missile defense agency (mda) - 10, "The Effects of Nuclear War," May 1979.

6. Professor David Jenn, “ATMOSPHERIC NUCLEAR EFFECTS”, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA.

KEYWORDS: communications architecture, jamming, high altitude nuclear explosions, RF data link, fading channels, end Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 to end communications.

TPOC: Aaron Corder

Phone: (256) 313-9229

Fax: (256) 955-2074

Email: aaron.corder@mda.mil

2nd TPOC: Teng Ooi

Phone: (256) 450-2142

Fax: (703) 271-0674

Email: teng.ooi@mda.mil

^ MDA08-038 TITLE: Global Missile Defense Battle Management


ACQUISITION PROGRAM: BC, SN Missile defense agency (mda) - 10, GM, TH, AB

OBJECTIVE: This SBIR seeks to advance Information Systems Technology by developing innovative, robust, real-time battle management algorithms and software to support layered missile defense across the theater, regional, and global levels. Battle Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 management solutions must be developed in coordination with multiple dispersed and disparate weapon platforms that are networked together, but still retain control and responsibility for their own individual fire-control Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 systems and endgames.

DESCRIPTION: With the addition of emerging weapon systems, to include boost intercept capability (airborne laser or kinetic interceptor), upgraded SM-3 missiles, kill vehicle systems, and terminal defense systems, the Ballistic Missile Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Defense System (BMDS) will have the capability for layered defense against enemy ballistic missiles in all phases of flight to defend the United States homeland, forces abroad, and allies and friends. Individually Missile defense agency (mda) - 10, each of these emerging weapon systems will have robust fire-control systems, but they must be effectively networked together for layered defense by a battle manager that 1) optimizes weapon platform inventories from Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 a global perspective across the entire spectrum of resources ranging from theater to strategic, or 2) maximizes probability of engagement success. Global optimization of weapon platform inventories requires the global Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 battle manager to have knowledge of each weapon platform’s inventory and health & status. The pairing assignment and weapon allocation problem will require advanced optimization or assignment techniques. Proposed solutions must demonstrate both a Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 centralized or distributed architecture to support any evolving concept of operations.

Given the robust capabilities of individual weapon systems, the global battle management problem becomes one of allocation, optimization, and adaptive scheduling on Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 several interacting levels.

The first level of allocation is performed by the global battle manager through an assignment that assigns weapon platforms that have access to threat launch events Missile defense agency (mda) - 10. The global battle manager estimates what the weapon platform’s allocation of weapons would be if assigned to a specific threat launch event by taking into account perceived threat inventories and assets being attacked as Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 well as weapon platform capabilities, inventories and commander’s intent (i.e., pre-planned options). If more than one weapon platform has threat access, the course of action that optimizes Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 the probability of engagement success is chosen. A second level of allocation at the weapon level is performed by the weapon platform with its higher fidelity models as part of its firing solution. The Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 global battle manager’s estimation of feasibility of the pairing and allocation of weapons (a first order approximation) must be compared with the weapon platform’s determination of weapon allocation and pairing Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 feasibility through coordination. In this sense the weapon platform – threat launch event pairings are shared responsibilities. If the weapon platform cannot or will not accept an assignment, this is communicated to the Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 global battle manager and the global battle manager will calculate another alternate pairing as the next best course of action that maximizes the probability of engagement success and optimizes weapon Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 platform inventories..

As additional threat information becomes available from sensors, for example, discrimination information revealing additional or different targets, pairing assignments could change requiring adaptive scheduling. Fire control and associated endgames are distributed responsibilities Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 retained by each respective weapon platform.

PHASE I: Identify variables within the assignment-allocation trade space such as inventory, Probability of Engagement Success, and others that are applicable to the Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 engagement planning algorithm. Develop the mathematical basis for and provide a demonstration of advanced allocation methods that will enable robust engagement planning for various weapon systems with different capabilities. Guidance will be provided on Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 representative scenarios for concept evaluation. Concepts can be demonstrated on related problems of commensurate difficulty.

PHASE II: Develop/update the technology based on Phase I to provide a demonstration Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 of the technology in a realistic environment using realistic data, to include realistic processing speeds in complex scenarios and alternate courses of action based on weapon platform coordination.

PHASE III: Integrate the technology into Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 the BMDS in coordination with appropriate BMDS System Engineering and Element Program Offices. Partnership with DoD prime contractors will be pursued as government applications will receive immediate benefit.

PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL Missile defense agency (mda) - 10: This Information Systems Technology is applicable to any allocation/optimization application that operates on components of differing capabilities.


1. Hosein P. and Athans, M., The Dynamic Weapon-Target Assignment Problem, Proceedings 1989 Symposium on Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Command and Control Research, Washington D.C., June 1989.

2. Bertsekas, D.P., Dynamic Programming and Optimal Control, Athena Scientific, Belmont MA, 2001.

KEYWORDS: Optimization, assignment, allocation, adaptive scheduling, engagement planning, Ballistic Missile Defense Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 System (BMDS)

TPOC: Col Scott LeMay

Phone: (703) 692-6355

Fax: (703) 271-0674

Email: scott.lemay@mda.mil

2nd TPOC: Joey Wang

Phone: (703) 697-6444

Fax: (703) 271-0674

Email: joey.wang@mda.mil

^ MDA08-039 TITLE: Discrimination

TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Information Systems, Sensors, Electronics


OBJECTIVE: This topic Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 seeks to apply innovative techniques in the area of object discrimination through the development of robust algorithms, software, and/or hardware necessary to successfully identify a lethal object from non-lethals in Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 a ballistic missile launch complex. Areas of exploration include algorithms, models, system-level versus sensor-level approaches, dealing with ambiguity, and integration with existing track correlation mechanisms. Solutions must be Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 capable of accurately and reliably supporting acquisition, track, discrimination, and engagement of threatening objects across a spectrum of threat classes and environments.

DESCRIPTION: The Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) performance is heavily Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 dependent upon data from dispersed and disparate radars and other types of sensors. It has been shown that when a lethal can be indentified, the system is effective at negating this threat. The challenge today Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 is developing the algorithms that will increase the accuracy in identifying the lethal objects from non-lethal objects in a complex and challenging environment. For example, very highly velocity closely spaced Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 objects in the presence of debris and counter measures makes this a very difficult problem. Improvements currently proposed include the use of attributes as well as metrics information in order Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 to ultimately use discrimination data in handover tracking and correlation. Innovative techniques should provide enhanced battlespace awareness. Fusion of data at several hierarchical levels may be required.

Technical issues that must be addressed include Missile defense agency (mda) - 10: sufficiently accounting for uncertainty in both threat evolution and sensor feature measurements, over-reliance on a priori information, spatial and temporal registration of radars, data throughput within and between sensor platforms, processing Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 speed and capacity, data latency and gap handling, target feature exploitation, and sensor calibration, counter measure identification and negation, and advanced models.

PHASE I: Develop and conduct proof-of-principle demonstrations of discrimination Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 concepts/methods for the representation of sensor attributes and capabilities that are easily adaptable to a wide range of sensors using simulated sensor data.

PHASE II: Update/develop technology based on Phase Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 I results and demonstrate technology in a realistic environment using data from multiple sensors (as applicable) assets sources. Demonstrate ability of technology to work in real-time in a high Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 clutter environment.

PHASE III: Integrate technology into BMDS system and demonstrate the total capability of the updated system. Partnership with traditional DOD prime-contractors will be pursued as government applications of Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 this technology will produce near term benefits from a successful program.

Develop enhanced Physics-based feature-extraction algorithm to identify characteristics of objects, e.g. Size, Shape, Material properties, thermodynamics, etc. Discrimination of threat Missile defense agency (mda) - 10/non-threat objects remains important for the BMDS. New ideas for features that can help discriminate objects are needed. This task seeks to develop more accurate feature extraction algorithms based on measurable physical Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 properties that can be used for lethal object discrimination.

PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL: The technology is applicable to air traffic control, weather radar applications areas of transportation and shipping Missile defense agency (mda) - 10, e-commerce and robotics industries.


1. R. Duda, P. Hart, and D. Stork, “Pattern Classification”, 2nd Ed., Wiley Interscience, November, 2000.

2. Jenson, Finn V. Bayesian Networks and Decision Graphs. New York: Springer, 2001.

3. Gilks, W Missile defense agency (mda) - 10.R., Richardson, S. and Speigelhalter, D.J. Markov Chain Monte Carlo In Practive. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall, 1996.

4. Neapolitan, Richard E. Learning Bayesian Networks. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2004.

5. Martinez, David, et Missile defense agency (mda) - 10.al., “Wideband Networked Sensors”, MIT Lincoln Labs, http://www.fas.org/spp/military/program/track/martinez.pdf, October 2000.

6. D. Hall and James Llinas, “An Introduction to Multisensor Data Fusion,” Proceedings of the Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 IEEE, 85 (No. 1) 1997.

7. D.C. Cowley and B. Shafai, “Registration in Multi-Sensor Data Fusion and Tracking,” Proceedings of the American Control Conference, June 1993.

8. Y. Bar-Shalom and W.D. Blair, Editors, Multi Missile defense agency (mda) - 10-Target/Multi-Sensor Tracking: Applications and Advances, Vol. III, Artech House, Norwood, MA, 2000.

9. T. Sakamoto and T. Sato, “A fast Algorithm of 3-dimensional Imaging for Pulsed Radar Systems,” Proceedings IEEE 2004 Antennas and Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Propagation Society Symposium, Vol. 2, 20-25 June 2004.

10. W. Streilein, et al. “Fused Multi-Sensor Mining for Feature Foundation Data,” Proceeding of Third International Conference of Information Fusion, Vol. 1, 10-13, July 2000.

11. Mike Botts [ed.], OpenGIS® Sensor Model Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Language (SensorML), OGC 05-086r2. http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/requests/31.

12. M. Ceruti, “Ontology for Level-One Sensor Fusion and Knowledge Discovery,” 8th European Conference on Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases Missile defense agency (mda) - 10, Pisa, Italy, 2004.

13. Steve Havens [ed.], OpenGIS® Transducer Markup Language TransducerML), OGC 06-010r2. http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/requests/33.

14. Russomanno, D.J.; Kothari, C.; Thomas, O. “Sensor ontologies: from shallow to Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 deep models.” System Theory, 2005. SSST '05. Proceedings of the Thirty-Seventh Southeastern Symposium on, Vol., Iss., 20-22 March 2005. Pages: 107- 112.

KEYWORDS: Inferencing Algorithms, Decision Theory, Sensor Fusion; Data Fusion; Sensor Integration; Signal Processing; Algorithm; Multi-Sensor, 3-D Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Imaging, Knowledge Representation, Machine-Processable Meaning

TPOC: Dr. Steve Bravy

Phone: 703-697-4796

Fax: (703) 271-0674

Email: steve.bravy@mda.mil

2nd TPOC: Joey Wang

Phone: (703) 697-6444

Fax: (703) 271-0674

Email: joey.wang@mda.mil

^ MDA08-040 TITLE: Sensor Registration

TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Information Systems, Sensors

ACQUISITION Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 PROGRAM: BC, DV

OBJECTIVE: Develop advanced, innovative, robust, real-time techniques (algorithms and software) for the real-time monitoring of sensor registration.

DESCRIPTION: The Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) employs multiple sensors, (optical Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 and radar) in the detection, tracking, and identification of ballistic missiles and their constituent pieces. These sensors are geographically dispersed and have differing sensor data capability. These differing sensor data capabilities Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 must be fused together to provide a single integrated operational picture for the warfighter. As the BMDS evolves to incorporate new and enhanced sensors and weapon systems to contend with the increasingly complex ballistic Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 missile threats, the sensor registration capability and control / tasking of these sensor systems will become increasingly complex and difficult, requiring the operators to be supported by innovative sensor registration and sensor planning / scheduling Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 algorithms /tools to provide a single integrated picture of the battle space. The available range of spatially separated EO/IR and radar sensors, each with its own temporally and geometrically constrained Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 view of the battle space, will have increasing demands placed upon them as the need for collection of target tracking and discrimination information expands to cope with countermeasures.

Proposals for the development Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 of innovative sensor registration / management techniques are invited. Sensor registration techniques / algorithms should clearly identify performance improvement for the fused data. Sensor management techniques may be based on dynamic programming or approximations Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 thereto, stochastic programming or otherwise. The proposed sensor management scheme should allow for the need for dynamic reallocation of sensors in response to changing threat priorities and complexity, and arising from Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 changes to sensor availability. Avenues for enhancement should include addressing non-linearity at the edge of a sensor FOV, weather related issues, dynamic atmospheric refractions, utilizing fewer sensor resources to accomplish registration, and Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 tighter coupling between the Sensor Registration capability and the C2BMC algorithms (e.g. track processing).

In proposing schemes, recognition should be мейд of the following features:

1. Some sensor tasks will benefit Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 from simultaneous observations from different platforms.

2. Depending on the objective, required observations may differ in character from short single looks through frequent revisits to sustained periods of continuous observation.

3. For some Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 sensors, the slew and reacquisition time can be significant and constrain the ability to observe objects with large angular separation.

4. Priorities for sensor tasking must reflect the need to provide fire Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 control solutions for weapon systems appropriate to each layer in the BMDS architecture.

5. The fidelity of track and discrimination information required will vary with time to match key decision points in an Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 engagement.

6. Sensor resources will be required post interceptor launch to support tracking, in flight target update of threat state vectors and discrimination state and provide kill assessment.

Proposed schemes should clearly identify how Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 the performance improvement resulting from extending at any time the algorithm’s planning horizon “far sightedness” is achieved at the expense of increased computational complexity to allow trade-offs of performance Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 against processing load.

PHASE I: Develop a mathematical basis for the proposed approach, augmented as appropriate by coding or analysis sufficient to demonstrate it’s computational and performance abilities to handle the Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 features 1 – 6 listed above.

PHASE II: Develop / update the technology based on Phase I and provide a demonstration of the technology in a realistic simulation environment, to include using realistic scenarios. Develop an Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Operational Concept of how the developed solution will be employed by the Warfighter and the elements.

PHASE III: Integrate the algorithm(s) into the MDA Command & Control, Battle Management & Communications (C2BMC) architecture. Partnership Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 with traditional BMDS prime contractors will be pursued as government applications of this technology will produce near term benefits for a successful program.

PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL: The technology is Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 applicable to air traffic control as well as remote sensor and process monitoring applications.


1. Kreucher et al. - Efficient Method of non-Myopic Sensor Management for Multi-target tracking. 43rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Control. December 2004.

2. D.P. Bertsekas. - Nonlinear Programming Second Edition. Athena Scientific. 1999.

3. D.A. Castanon. - Approximate Dynamic Programming for Sensor Management. Proceedings of the 36th IEEE Conference on Decision and Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Control 1997.

KEYWORDS: optimization, sensor management, resource allocation

TPOC: Col Scott LeMay

Phone: (703) 692-6355

Fax: (703) 271-0674

Email: scott.lemay@mda.mil

2nd TPOC: Joey Wang

Phone: (703) 697-6444

Fax: (703) 271-0674

Email: joey.wang@mda.mil

^ MDA08-041 TITLE: Power Solutions for Integrated Anti-Tamper Technologies

TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Information Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Systems


The technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR), which Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 controls the export and import of defense-related material and services. Offerors must disclose any proposed use of foreign nationals, their country of origin, and what tasks each would accomplish in the statement Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 of work in accordance with section 3.5.b.(7) of the solicitation.

OBJECTIVE: Develop and implement continuous power enhancements for Anti-Tamper (AT) technology for the protection of critical technology against exploitation.

DESCRIPTION: The MDA Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Director has issued a directive necessitating the protection of Critical Program Information (CPI) from unintentional transfer and the policy for the implementation of AT technology on MDA acquisition and associated Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 technology programs. AT technology consists of engineering activities that prevent and/or delay exploitation of critical technologies in U.S. weapons systems. The purpose is to add longevity to critical technology by Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 deterring efforts to reverse-engineer, exploit, or develop countermeasures against a system or component.

This topic seeks to improve power solutions for use when providing power for the operation of Anti-Tamper techniques to protect Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 weapon systems. This includes the development of power sources and the innovative implementation of COTS power sources for AT applications. Such measures could increase battery life and enhance integration and operation Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 of protective techniques/technologies.

This effort will фокус on developing enhanced power solutions that provide sufficient power to AT techniques and technologies for initiating and accomplishing protective actions. . The power solution(s Missile defense agency (mda) - 10) need to be independent, small, light weight, and covert to protect from tampering. Attention will be placed on longevity of power source (minimum of 15 years up to 20 years), cost introduced into weapons Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 platforms and their associated hardware and software. Methodologies may include but not limited to; storage, self-powered, energy harvesting. As a result, the MDA will maintain a technological edge in support Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 of the war fighters.

The development and application of power solutions should address 1) significant challenges associated with implementing AT utilizing current available power sources, 2) power integration as a seamless part of AT integration Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 into the weapons system. These power enhancements should increase battery life, decrease technical risk, or decrease cost associated with current methods of AT implementation.

PHASE I: The contractor shall develop the conceptual Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 framework for new and innovative AT power options. The contractor will also perform an analysis and limited bench level testing for an understanding of the power requirements and provide metrics to be used Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 to demonstrate the value of these enhancements.

PHASE II: Demonstrate and validate the use of AT power enhancements via one or more prototype efforts and estimate the effectiveness of the Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 techniques. A partnership with a current or potential supplier of MDA systems, subsystems or components is highly desirable. Identify any commercial benefit or application opportunities of the innovation.

PHASE III: Integrate Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 selected AT power enhancements into a critical system technology, for a BMDS system level test-bed. This phase will demonstrate the application to one or more MDA element systems, subsystems, or components Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 and the product’s utility against industrial espionage. When complete, an analysis will be conducted to evaluate the ability of the technologies/techniques to facilitate protection against tampering in a real-world situation Missile defense agency (mda) - 10.

PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL: Most innovations in battery technologies take place at the supplier/subcontractor level. The proposals should show how the innovation can benefit commercial business or should show that the innovation has Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 benefits to both commercial and defense applications. The projected benefits of the innovation to commercial applications should be clear, whether they reduce cost or improve the performance of products Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 that utilize innovative power technology.


1. Wills, L., Newcomb, P., Eds. Reverse Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996.

2. Ingle, K. A. Reverse Engineering, McGraw-Hill Professional, 1994.

3. Furber, S., ARM System-on-chip Architecture, Addison-Wesley, 2000.

4. Huang, A Missile defense agency (mda) - 10. Hacking the Xbox: An Introduction to Reverse Engineering, No Starch, 2003.

KEYWORDS: Anti-Tamper (AT), Electronics, Power, Battery, Reverse Engineering, Exploit

TPOC: Hyong Chang

Phone: (812) 854-6463

Fax: (812) 854-1332

Email: Hyong.chang@navy.mil

2nd TPOC: Mr Missile defense agency (mda) - 10. John Stein

Phone: (812) 854-8335

Fax: (812) 854-1332

Email: john.d.stein@navy.mil

^ MDA08-042 TITLE: Real-time Application Security in a Communications Network

TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Information Systems


OBJECTIVE: Develop and demonstrate innovative solutions Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 to the problem of application security within the context of Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS). The suite of software applications within the BMDS are an important target for the enemy. Maintaining the highest levels of Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 application security and information assurance are of utmost importance to the mission.

DESCRIPTION: Security efforts to date have focused primarily on network security vs. software security. Historically, organizations have focused Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 on protecting the perimeter with firewalls and on detecting attacks that have occurred or are underway. Awareness of software security vs. network security issues is gaining momentum, and the new wisdom is for enterprises Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 to test applications for security in addition to functionality, performance and usability prior to deployment. Applications are mission enablers, allowing people and programs to access the data and information Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 they need to perform critical functions. Because that information is often the target of an attacker, applications must be architected based on security requirements as much as they are based on functionality, performance, usability and Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 quality requirements. Programmers are taught to write bug-free code vs. secure code. The realization of the need for secure code development and for security to be a fundamental design requirement has Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 only just begun. , As a result, many of the applications deployed today were created without security requirements. To protect an environment running such software, an organization needs mechanisms that Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 find security flaws in its deployed applications and prevents those flaws from being exploited.

Within the context of a distributed, real-time information assurance management platform, there is a need for a process with Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 the ability to interrogate user applications for security vulnerabilities, monitor them for attack while in operation and track the status of improvements to correct the vulnerabilities.. The topic author is looking for innovative Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 solutions that will automate the latest in application penetration testing within the BMDS. The solution should be able to operate in both a test and operational state. During operational state the Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 goal should be on monitoring for live attack directly on the running software applications. During test state the solution should фокус on more indepth application penetration testing. Both solution states should provide Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 as an output recommended code changes.

Innovative solutions should be explored to record and monitor the security level or state of the system at each stage of testing. This will Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 serve as an indicator of the risk reduction per software vulnerability and should integrate into any security accreditation reporting requirements. Towards this end innovative solutions should include but not be limited to:

1. real-time Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 software application penetration testing capability

2. graphical security level state information

3. recommendations for improvements with complexity factor and projected gain as reported by reduced security risk level

4. status of improvements to date

PHASE I: Analyze Missile defense agency (mda) - 10, design, and conduct proof-of-principle demonstrations of methods for real-time application security systems that provide insight into this aspect of the overall comprehensive situational awareness of the Information Assurance state of the BMDS Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 and its components.

PHASE II: Develop and demonstrate prototype platform/software/hardware that demonstrates advancement of application security systems by illustrating security status for a subset of BMDS components.

PHASE Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 III: Prepare detailed plans for and implement demonstrated capabilities on critical military and commercial applications.

PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL: Application Security technology has application throughout commercial industries. Commercial systems that are exposed to Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 internet and corporate intranets would benefit greatly from this development. In addition to military and homeland defense, banking, finance, e-commerce, and medical industries would have a high demand for such systems Missile defense agency (mda) - 10.


1. Shaikh, R.A., Rajput, S., Zaidi, S.M.H., Sharif, K, “Comparative analysis and design philosophy of next generation unified enterprise application security”, Emerging Technologies, 2005, Proceedings of the IEEE Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 Symposium, 17-18 Sept. 2005, pp. 517–524.

2. Stytz, M.R, “Considering defense in depth for software applications”, Security & Privacy Magazine, IEEE, Jan.-Feb. 2004 Volume: 2, Issue: 1, pp. 72–75.

3. Whittaker, J., “Why secure applications are difficult to write”, Security & Privacy Magazine Missile defense agency (mda) - 10, IEEE, Mar-Apr 2003 Volume: 1, Issue: 2, pp. 81–83.

4. Thompson, H.H., “Application penetration testing”, Security & Privacy, IEEE, Jan.-Feb. 2005, Volume: 3, Issue: 1, pp. 66-69.

5. Arkin, B.; Stender, S.; McGraw, G, “Software penetration testing”, Security Missile defense agency (mda) - 10 & Privacy, IEEE, Volume 3, Issue 1, Jan.-Feb. 2005, pp. 84–87.

KEYWORDS: application security, network security management, intrusion prevention, cybersecurity

TPOC: Aaron Corder

Phone: (256) 313-9229

Fax: (256) 955-2074

Email: aaron.corder@mda.mil

2nd TPOC: Teng Ooi

Phone: (256) 450-2142

Fax: (703) 271-0674

Email: teng.ooi@mda Missile defense agency (mda) - 10.mil

MDA08-043 TITLE:
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