Log home inspection checklist


LOG HOME INSPECTION CHECKLIST
EXTERIOR FINISH
1. Faded on South or West Walls.
2. Cracking, Peeling, or Blistering.
3. Different shade on top of log than bottom of log
4. Gray discoloration from weathering.
5. Total absence of water repellency.
6. Total absence Log home inspection checklist of any finish whatsoever.
7. Presence of Mold/Mildew or lots of dust/dirt.
LOGS
1. White Rot, Brown Rot or Dry Rot on log ends.
2. Green moss, algae, or heavy mold growing anywhere.
3. Corners Log home inspection checklist should be probed for softness indication rot.
4. Look for sagging logs, they need replacement if rot exists.
5. Look for upward facing checks that water would collect in.
6. Look for discolored Log home inspection checklist areas caused by repeated wetting.
7. Look for gaps that may allow air or water infiltration.
8. Look for large checks that are insightfully.
9. Look for any areas of rot.
10. Look for sawdust (frass) on Log home inspection checklist floor or logs that could be an indication of tunneling insects.
11. Check for air infiltration around corners and between logs, also around doors and windows.
12. Look for water marks.
13. Look for bowed or Log home inspection checklist crooked logs.
14. From the inside, look for daylight between logs.
ROOF/DECK
1. Check for organic growth or presence of thick mat of leaves or pine needles.
2. Check for discoloration, rot, excessive checking.
^ GROUND LINE
1. Check Log home inspection checklist for wood touching dirt anywhere around home.
2. Check for firewood stacked against the house.
3. Make sure the ground slopes away from the house.
4. Check for excessive moisture in lower logs Log home inspection checklist courses.
5. Look for termite tunnels under the house, and on foundation.
6. Look for sawdust (frass) from insects that may be in logs.
^ BASEMENT/CRAWL SPACE
1. Check for standing water and moist wood Log home inspection checklist.
2. Check for termite or beetle holes.
3. Check for signs of wood rot or decay.
4. Make sure all wood in ground contact is pressure treated.
OVERALL EXTERIOR
1. Check gutters and downspouts for leaks and Log home inspection checklist effectiveness.
2. Check for proper roof overhangs and construction.
^ SEALANT SYSTEM
1. If chinked, check for any cracks, tears, or adhesion loss.
2. Check for faded or hardened caulk.
3. Check for missing or improper sealants or applications.
4. Determine what Log home inspection checklist was, how long it’s been there, and how it works.
INTERIOR FINISH
1. Has there ever been any finish applied to the interior?
2. Point out areas around light switches that are Log home inspection checklist dirty due to the oils being deposited on the logs.
3. Advise the customer the benefit of interior finishes. Ease of dusting, keeps smoke and cooking odors from becoming "engrained" in the wood Log home inspection checklist.

Log homes and termites
Many people erroneously believe that log homes are very susceptible to termite infestation and damage. In reality one could argue that log homes are less susceptible to such damage than Log home inspection checklist stick framed homes – especially if preventative measures are taken during the construction of your log home.
Let’s first look at the real reason that termites can cause so much damage Log home inspection checklist to a stick frame home. With a stick frame home they can enter into wall cavities undetected. A termite infestation unseen is a termite infestation untreated. Once in the cavity the termites Log home inspection checklist remain unseen, nibbling, chewing, breeding, and generally ruining your home. Over a 5 to 10 year span you might find many structural supports within an infected home to be significantly damaged and weakened. Often Log home inspection checklist the first sign of such damage is when the homeowner goes to replace a piece of sheet rock during a small remodel – and that small remodel soon turns into a full scale Log home inspection checklist renovation or even a demolition.
With log homes, on the other хэнд, if termites do end up getting to your wood walls they are immediately visible. Their point of entry will be obvious Log home inspection checklist (a small bore hole and a little pile of sawdust will be clearly visible if a termite enters a log) and therefore homeowners will know to take immediate action! With a stick frame Log home inspection checklist home, exterminators usually have to tent the entire structure and pump gas into the tent in order to kill termites. That is because the termites hide within wall cavities where Log home inspection checklist exterminators cannot easily access or spot treat. But with a log home it is easy for an exterminator to spot treat just an effected area, eliminating or drastically reducing the homeowner Log home inspection checklist’s exposure to toxic chemicals. (who wants to walk into a home that had recently been pumped full of poisonous gas?)
But if a person builds their home properly, then it becomes very Log home inspection checklist unlikely that they will ever experience termite issues in their home – stick frame home or log home. Here are some general tips and hints about building to avoid termite problems…
· To begin with Log home inspection checklist it is best to ensure that there is a good distance between dirt and first wood, eight inches at a minimum for most areas, and perhaps more would be wise in Log home inspection checklist termite prone areas. Putting concrete (foundation) between dirt and wood prevents termites from getting to the wood because they have difficulty climbing up the concrete. They are also extremely visible when they Log home inspection checklist climb up concrete, because they have to construct ‘shelter tubes’ to crawl up.

· Do not bury ANY wood near your home during construction. It is important to know that in many jurisdictions developers / builders Log home inspection checklist area allowed to bury a certain percentage of building debris on-site – often right up against the foundation. This could perhaps help explain why termite problems are often experienced in ‘tract home Log home inspection checklist’ developments. This is an easy variable to control for if you are building your own log home, and substantially reduces the risk of future termite infestation. Buried wood quickly Log home inspection checklist gets wet and soft and turns into an appetizer for termites. When the appetizer is gone, guess where they turn to for the main course? Straight up to your house!

· Understand how termites might Log home inspection checklist interact with the style of foundation that your home rests on. For instance, a slab foundation usually puts wood very close to dirt, and thus it is more vulnerable. A poured continuous concrete Log home inspection checklist foundation often develops small cracks through which termites can enter your home (termites can travel through a crack that is 1/32nd of an inch). With a poured continuous foundation one should Log home inspection checklist really also ‘ring the home’ with a 6-inch layer of barrier sand (known as "Termite sand" which is 10-16 mesh sand). Cinder block foundations are the least desirable in regards to termite Log home inspection checklist protection since they often have large cracks and gaps which termites travel through undetected. Perhaps the most advantageous foundation is pier blocks since they provide a good distance from dirt to first Log home inspection checklist wood and there is no basement through which termites can enter your log home (no cracks for them to travel through).

· In termite prone areas, it is also best to always Log home inspection checklist use a ‘termite shield’ on top of your foundation. A termite shield is a thin piece of sheet metal that goes on top of your foundation under your sill plate. It extends out Log home inspection checklist from your foundation a few inches and is angled down (like a little downward angled wing, sort of, that goes all the way around your foundation). This operates similar to a squirrel baffle Log home inspection checklist. Termites climb up the foundation, encounter the downward angled piece of continuous sheet metal at the top of the foundation and can’t find a way to get around it to eat your Log home inspection checklist wood.

· The preventative measure of last resort might be to treat the soil around your home during construction. This involves impregnating the soil with a insecticide, so termites cannot Log home inspection checklist approach your home. The reasons that this option is far less desirable than a sheet metal termite shield should be obvious – who wants to have their kids playing in a yard that Log home inspection checklist has poison in the dirt?

· Last but not least, a homeowner should conduct periodic visual inspections of their home. Look for telltale signs of termites, and also any other issues that occur in a Log home inspection checklist home such as broken gutters, loose roof shingles, cracked patio bricks, et cetera. Such inspections will ensure that maintenance issues will be addressed promptly, which makes it a lot easier to Log home inspection checklist deal home upkeep related issues.
So after looking at the termite issue it becomes pretty obvious that log homes are not more susceptible to termites than stick frame homes. In fact they seem Log home inspection checklist to be less susceptible to termite damage. With log homes an owner will immediately see and treat an affected area whereas the owner of a stick framed home will be living in expensive Log home inspection checklist ignorance until the damage is discovered too late. Also, there are many things a homeowner or builder can do to prevent termites from ever invading their home… from foundation selection to Log home inspection checklist metal termite shields and proper disposal of construction waste.
Choosing windows for log homes
When building or purchasing a log home it is common for people to not put enough thought into selecting Log home inspection checklist their windows. This can be a big mistake, because selecting the wrong window can have very expensive consequences. With a little knowledge and planning, you can make the best choice -- saving yourself Log home inspection checklist both money and grief.

Typically the we recommend that you plan your first log home for at least two years prior to building so that you have time to find good deals on Log home inspection checklist things like doors, windows, tools, etc. If you have storage space available for doors and windows it is a good idea to buy them as you find good deals Log home inspection checklist. Often you can get perfectly good manufacturer seconds that are 1/32" off, or the color is one shade off.

Regardless of when you buy your windows, here's a rundown of the major choices Log home inspection checklist you'll need to make:

There are currently four primary styles of windows on the market and all have pros and cons.

1. Wood frames -- Wood framed windows do not conduct heat very Log home inspection checklist well, which is excellent because that means that when you pay to heat your home the heat will stay where you want it – on the inside! Unfortunately wood frames often have issues Log home inspection checklist with swelling / shrinking, warping, and water damage / rot.

2. Clad-wood frames – Clad-wood frames have a regular wood frame that is protected by a exterior layer of a weather resistant material Log home inspection checklist (i.e. vinyl or aluminum). Clad-wood is an excellent product; they last a long time and have a very low thermal conductivity. The down side is that wood clad frames are Log home inspection checklist fairly expensive.

3. Aluminum frames – These have greater durability than plain wood. They also weigh less, are thinner in thickness and thus are easier work with in some respects. While aluminum frames are inexpensive Log home inspection checklist and extremely durable, they also tend to transfer heat out of your home at a high rate (unless you get a high quality aluminum frame with an incorporated thermal break).

4. Vinyl clad Log home inspection checklist frames – Vinyl frames are becoming more and more popular. Although quality may vary, the right vinyl frame can be an excellent purchase. They do not conduct heat in the same way that aluminum frames Log home inspection checklist do, and they do not have the maintenance problems of wood frames (they are also a lot less expensive than clad wood frames). Look for good welded corners to know you’re Log home inspection checklist getting a quality frame.
The principle of heat transfer is an important one, because installing a window that transfers heat can be almost like cutting a hole in your wall Log home inspection checklist and just leaving it empty. If you go with a cheap window that transfers heat it will lead to larger heating bills during the cold season. This may cost you more in the Log home inspection checklist long run than simply buying a good quality window to begin with.

So it is best to select the style of window that affords the most heat retention properties that your budget Log home inspection checklist can afford.

There are two key tips that any frugal consumer should be aware of when it comes to buying windows …

1. Always try to buy a ‘stock’ window size versus Log home inspection checklist a custom size. Stock sizes are usually a lot less expensive than a custom size. Also, it is easy to find a replacement for a stock sized window when it comes time to Log home inspection checklist replace or update your window. Be aware that stock sizes vary by region, so you will need to ask around to determine what sizes are common where you are building.

2. There is really no Log home inspection checklist reason to avoid buying a quality used window. You can often find excellent used windows for a fraction of what new windows cost. And if you buying a used window of Log home inspection checklist a stock size it will be easy to upgrade at a future date!

That's all for now. Remember that you can save a bundle on windows by shopping around surplus building materials Log home inspection checklist stores, want-ads and even flea markets. Keep your eyes open for the good deals. This will make your "window shopping" easier.
hy log home settling is a myth Log home inspection checklist created and spread by builders of kit log homes
Okay, we admit that there is such a thing as settling in log homes. The catch is that it only occurs in log homes that were built Log home inspection checklist the wrong way, in our opinion. If you build a log home using the butt-and-pass method, and you build it correctly, there is no settling to be concerned with.
The Log home inspection checklist Truth about settling
The problem is that kit log cabin builders need some reason to exist. If everyone knew about the butt-and-pass method of log home construction, there Log home inspection checklist would be no more log home kit dealers. Why? Because you can't make a "kit" out of a butt-and-pass log home. It simply is not possible -- a butt-and-pass log home Log home inspection checklist is so strong (when built correctly) that you can't build it in a factory then take it apart and ship it somewhere else to reassemble it. It can't be done Log home inspection checklist.
So the kit builders choose the next best thing: building a type of log home that does come apart in their factory, and then they ship it to John and Martha's Log home inspection checklist property and reassemble it.
What's so bad about that? Settling occurs in any type of log structure that has the ability to come apart, such as Scandinavian Chinkless, Canadian Log home inspection checklist Chinkless and Saddle-notch log homes.
So after the kit builder reassembles John and Martha's new kit home, everything is wonderful. And about a year later when the logs have Log home inspection checklist finished drying, the settling is noticeable. Maybe the stairs are out of alignment. Maybe there is a gap between the log wall and the roof. Maybe a window has shattered from the weight of Log home inspection checklist the logs above it.
These are some of the reasons that "kit" log home builders cut keyways and "settling space" above each window and door. So when the logs shrink and settle, they Log home inspection checklist won't crush the window or door. We've even seen log home kits assembled with a giant screw jack in the basement that allows the homeowner to "lower Log home inspection checklist the roof" over time as the house settles.
The good news is that you can avoid this nightmare and the extra expenses associated with it. All you have to do is build Log home inspection checklist a log home that doesn't come apart and doesn't settle like a bag of potato chips that someone has sat on. In other words, consider building a butt-and-pass log home, and Log home inspection checklist consider building it correctly.
Kiln-drying vs. air-drying logs
Seasoning your logs is important when you are building a kit home, because of the settling issue. The more moisture that is Log home inspection checklist in your logs when you build the house, the more settling will occur when the moisture finally gets out.
However, seasoning logs the right way costs a lot of money Log home inspection checklist, especially for a large kit home manufacturer. To do it properly the logs must be out of the sun and rotated the proper way for a year. And they shouldn't be stacked up, they Log home inspection checklist should be spread out evenly on the seasoning rack. So for a kit manufacturer to do this they would practically have to build an airplane hangar to store their timber for the Log home inspection checklist next season. (We don't know about you, but we've never driven past a kit manufacturer on the highway and saw an airplane hangar filled with logs).
So the various Log home inspection checklist kit manufacturers cheat somewhat by coming up with less expensive and faster methods of seasoning the logs that go into their kits. Most of these methods involve drying the logs Log home inspection checklist in a giant kiln or blowing them with hot air in some fashion to accelerate the process. In fact, manufacturers are generally out there advertising what great methods they have for drying their Log home inspection checklist logs in an accelerated fashion. It's a selling point that their logs are kiln dried or baked in an oven because it sounds high-tech and exciting. The average log home kit Log home inspection checklist buyer has no idea even why the logs are supposed to be seasoned before they go into a kit.
The problem is that when you accelerate the process of drying logs, they tend Log home inspection checklist to lose moisture on the outer layers of the log but retain it on the inside of the log. Seasoning a log properly takes months because moisture in the center of the Log home inspection checklist log dries out very slowly.
So here's the million-dollar question: if kiln drying logs is so great, why do they still put keyways and "settling space" over the Log home inspection checklist windows? The answer is because the logs still shrink and settle. Even if you season the logs properly for a year and build a kit-style home, you will still need Log home inspection checklist to expect some settling (partly because the home will be heated and this will reduce the moisture content of the logs further).
Now for the good news: with a properly-constructed butt Log home inspection checklist-and-pass home, you don't need to season the logs. You don't need to bake them in an oven or kiln. You don't need to stack them on a seasoning Log home inspection checklist rack for even a day.
Because a correctly built butt-and-pass log home doesn't settle the way kit-style homes do, you don't need to worry about the shrinkage of Log home inspection checklist the logs or their moisture content. You don't need to jump through all sorts of hoops (such as keyways, settling space, screw jacks, etc) to build a beautiful, exceptionally strong, exceptionally Log home inspection checklist inexpensive log home.
he Rich Dad, Poor Dad™ method of log home construction
Many people have read the various books in the Rich Dad, Poor Dad series of self-help books by Log home inspection checklist Robert Kiyosaki. We've heard from people who love his work, and also from people who think he's an idiot. While we don't agree with everything he says, there is one element Log home inspection checklist of truth to his books that is hard to ignore (because he repeats it so often):
"Fill your life with things that put money in your pocket every month."
He defines the Log home inspection checklist above category of possessions as "assets" (which we do not agree with -- check your local dictionary). But the advice is still sound. If you are currently working for a Log home inspection checklist living, you should set aside as much money as you can and invest it in things that produce a profit every month without you actually doing any work (known as "passive income").
Eventually, if Log home inspection checklist you keep doing that, you will be at a point where you don't need to work for a living anymore. You sit back one day and realize that you can thrive Log home inspection checklist just on the amount of money that is coming in every month from your "passive" investments. And that's the day you officially retire from the rat race.
But that begs Log home inspection checklist the question, "What passive investments does Robert Kiyosaki recommend?"
Most people who have read the Rich Dad, Poor Dad books don't actually know. He never seems to come right out and Log home inspection checklist tell you to invest in anything specific, although most readers probably get the idea that he leans towards real estate investments.
There's only one problem with that, which is the acquisition stage Log home inspection checklist. Buying rental property is a difficult thing to do, even if you are a student of various "no money down" types of real estate schools or creative real estate financing. You will soon Log home inspection checklist discover that most of the "no money down" real estate schemes фокус on acquiring real estate with owner financing. The theory is that you acquire it with owner financing, wait a Log home inspection checklist year or two for the value of the property to go up, and then sell it for a profit or refinance it at better rates. All the while you are renting it to Log home inspection checklist someone who is paying the monthly bill for you.
That's fine except for one thing -- "no money down" real estate schemes only work when the value of the property goes up Log home inspection checklist. What happens if it goes down?
Basically, you lose your shirt because most of the "no money down" real estate schemes leave you in a precarious position financially for the Log home inspection checklist first few years. If you are teetering on the edge of bankruptcy and things don't work out the way you planned, it's easy to tip over.
But there is an alternative to Log home inspection checklist this mess.
How this applies to log homes
Suppose there were a way to do the whole process backwards. The first thing you do is become financially free, and then you worry about Log home inspection checklist making money. The concept sounds ridiculous, but that's exactly what we teach in our class.
We tell students who are financially challenged that the very first thing they should Log home inspection checklist do is try to get out from their current rent or mortgage payments. Very frequently this can be achieved by acquiring a free mobile home to live in while building the first log Log home inspection checklist home. Once the first log home is finished the pressure is off, right? Without having to make the monthly mortgage or rent payment, life gets a whole lot easier.
It is fairly common Log home inspection checklist for our students to find a piece of rural property from a farmer and buy it with owner financing. Because the property is unimproved and rural, it's much cheaper Log home inspection checklist to pay for every month than the student's current rent or mortgage payment. Then all you have to do is build a log home on it.
We've seen students build log homes Log home inspection checklist to code for less than $5 per square foot. In an industry where $35 per square foot is considered inexpensive, a figure like $5 per square foot is amazing. But it can be done with Log home inspection checklist enough patience, time, motivation and energy. Granted, we are not talking about building a home with a yuppie refrigerator or anything fancy, but a home that is practical, inexpensive, comfortable and Log home inspection checklist sturdy. Later if you have the budget you can always go back and add upgrades. Just get the basic necessities down before the extravagances.
After the student builds their first log Log home inspection checklist home they are at a crossroads. It might be worthwhile to sell their log home for quick cash, live in it while starting the next project, or build more houses on the same Log home inspection checklist land for rental or sale.
We had one student who was very "financially challenged" that bought forty acres of land from a farmer with owner financing (this was very cheap, rural Log home inspection checklist land). He put a free mobile home on the property and built his log home. He had absolutely no intention of doing anything other than moving into it and finding a job.
But Log home inspection checklist when he was finished, a nice young couple pulled into his driveway and asked for directions to town. They were looking around the area for a home to rent and got Log home inspection checklist lost. Needless to say, our student ended up renting his log home to these people and living in his mobile home for another few months while he built another house to Log home inspection checklist live in. Pretty soon this man had four log homes built and every one of them was rented. He stopped looking for a job and lived on the monthly rent instead. Eventually he subdivided the Log home inspection checklist property and sold each house on a private note (mortgage) and retired.
This is sort of an unusual situation because, even though building log homes is a lot of fun Log home inspection checklist, not everyone wants to be a "log home builder" for a living. Most of our students have other dreams and aspirations, but either build a log home because they want to own their Log home inspection checklist own home without a mortgage, or because they've always wanted to have a log home.
Which brings us back to the Rich Dad, Poor Dad issue. It is sometimes Log home inspection checklist possible to convert what Kiyosaki calls "liabilities" like your own home, into income-producing "assets" (using Kiyosaki's definition of both words).
Four green houses, one red hotel
In one of Kiyosaki's books he says Log home inspection checklist that he learned how to get rich by playing Monopoly. Four green houses, then upgrade to one red hotel. We've never seen a green log house (unless the logs weren't Log home inspection checklist seasoned), but you get the idea.
Instead of building rental properties or building log homes for anyone else, we usually recommend that our students simply build a log home Log home inspection checklist for themselves using their own specifications. When they are done they can sell it if they choose, and use the money to build two more. Sell those and use the money to build four more Log home inspection checklist. Sell those and build eight.
Those eight log homes are representative of your one red hotel -- selling them on a private note is something akin to automatic retirement, regardless Log home inspection checklist of your age. You might be 18 or you might be 88.
You can then use the rest of your life to do whatever you want, including building more log homes or doing whatever Log home inspection checklist interests you.
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