ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology


^ ANALOG IC LAB


Subject Code
:

10ITL57
IA Marks
:

25

No. of Practical Hrs./ Week

:

03

Exam Hours

:

03

Total No. of Practical Hrs.

:

42

Exam Marks

:

50




  1. Measurement of Opamp parameters (input offset current, input bias current, slew rate, input ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology offset voltage, PSRR, CMRR) & offset nulling.

  2. Inverting amplifier & attenuator, noninverting amplifier& voltage follower.

  3. Adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator,

  4. I to V converter & V to I converter.

  5. Half wave & full wave precision rectifiers.

  6. Design ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology of low-pass filters (Butterworth I & II order).

  7. Design of high-pass filters (Butterworth I & II order).

  8. Instrumentation amplifier- Design for different gains.

  9. RC phase-shift and Wein bridge Oscillators.

  10. ZCD, positive voltage level ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology & negative voltage level detectors.

  11. Schmitt trigger- design for different hystersis.

  12. Design of astable and monostable multivibrator using 555 timer.

  13. Low voltage and high voltage regulators using LM723.


Note:

    1. Standard design procedure to be ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology adopted.

    2. Students should build the circuit using discrete components and IC’s

(models are not to be used)

^ 8086 MICROPROCESSOR LAB


Subject Code
:

10ITL58
IA Marks
:

25

No. of Practical Hrs./ Week

:

03

Exam Hours

:

03

Total No. of ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology Practical Hrs.

:

42

Exam Marks

:

50



PART - A



  1. Write an assembly language program to find the average of N 16 bit unsigned integers.




  1. Write an ALP to find the GCD of two 16 bit unsigned integers.




  1. Write ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology an ALP to convert a BCD number to 7-segment code using look-up table.




  1. Write an ALP to sort a set of N 16 bit unsigned integers in ascending/ descending ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology order using bubble sort algorithm. Length of numbers N is in location X and the integers start from word location X+1.




  1. Write an ALP to read a 4-digit hexadecimal number from keyboard and ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology display on the screen using INT 21H. Implement the same using two PUBLIC procedures.




  1. Write an ALP to multiply 2 16 bit number in location in X, X+1 and Y, Y+1 respectively using.




  1. Write an ALP to perform the following.

    • If contents of X=1, then determine Z=(Y+W)/V.

    • If contents of X=0, then determine Z=(Y*W)-V.

    • For other values ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology of X store 00 in location Z, where Y, W, V location contains 16 bit unsigned integers.




  1. Write an ALP to check whether the code word is valid or not. The code word is ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology stored in location X. (Example: The code word is valid if 3 MSB’s are 0 and two 1’s in the remaining bits).




  1. Develop and execute an ALP to read a digit hexadecimal ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology number from keyboard and store the corresponding value in a word location.




  1. Using conditional assembly develop and execute an ALP with the features. It uses one input value, an unsigned 16 bit integer ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology called X. If EQNI is true, it assembles code which computes 3*X*X+4*X+5 and places 32 bit result in double word memory. Otherwise it assembles code which computes 7*[X**2] +8 and places 32 bit result in double ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology word memory location.




  1. Develop and execute ALP that implements Binary search algorithm. The data consists of Sorted 16 bit unsigned integers. The search key is also a 16 bit unsigned integer.




  1. Develop and ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology execute an assembly language program to compute factorial of a positive integer number using recursive procedure.


PART - B




































X1 X2 operation

0 0 ADD

0 1 SUB

1 0 AND

1 1 XOR

VI Semester

^ COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Subject Code
:

10IT61
IA Marks
:

25

No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week

:

04

Exam Hours

:

03

Total No. of ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology Lecture Hrs.

:

52

Exam Marks

:

100


Part - A
^ Units - 1 & 2
Amplitude Modulation: Time-Domain Description, Frequency domain description, Generation of AM waves, Detection of AM waves, AM/DSB, Time-Domain Description, Frequency domain description Generation of DSBSC ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology waves, Coherent Detection of DSBSC Modulated waves. Costas loop, Quadrature Carrier multiplexing, AM-SSB/SC generation, Frequency-Domain Description, Frequency discrimination method for generation an SSB Modulated wave, time domain description ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, phase discrimination method for generating an SSB modulated wave, Demodulation of SSB waves, Comparison of amplitude modulation techniques, frequency translation, FDM.

12 Hours


Unit - 3

Angle Modulation: Basic Concepts, Frequency Modulation, Spectrum Analysis Of sinusoidal FM ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology wave, NBFM, WBFM, Constant Average power, Transmission bandwidth of FM waves, Generation of FM waves, Direct FM, demodulation of FM waves, frequency discriminator, ZCD, phase locked loop (1st order) of AM and ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology FM

7 Hours


Unit - 4

Noise in Analog Modulation Systems: Signal-to-noise ratios, AM receiver model, Signal-to -noise ratios for coherent reception, DSBSC receiver, SSB receiver, noise in AM receivers using envelope detection ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, threshold effect, FM receiver model, noise in FM reception, FM threshold effect, pre-emphasis and de-emphasis in FM systems

7 Hours


Part - B


Units 5 & 6

Pulse Modulation: Sampling theorem for low-pass and band-pass signal ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, statement and proof, PAM, Channel bandwidth for a PAM signal, natural sampling, flat-top sampling, signal recovery though holding, quantization of signals, quantization error, PCM, electrical representations of binary digits, PCM systems ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, DPCM, delta Modulation, Adaptive delta modulation.

12 Hours


Units - 7 & 8

^ Digital Modulation: Introduction, Binary Shift Keying, BFSK, spectrum, receiver for BFSK, geometrical representation of orthogonal BFSK, DPSK, QPSK, Type D flip-flop, QPSK transmitter, non ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology-offset QPSK, QPSK receiver, signal - space representation, line codes, TDM.

14 Hours


Textbooks:

  1. Analog and Digital communication- Simon Haykin, John Willey.

  2. Principles of communication systems-Taub and Schilling, Tata McGraw Hill.


Reference Books ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology:

  1. Electronic Communication Systems- 2nd Edition, Blake, Thomson publishers.

  2. Electronic Communication Systems-George Kennedy.



^ ADVANCED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Subject Code
:

10IT62
IA Marks
:

25

No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week

:

04

Exam Hours

:

03

Total No. of Lecture ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology Hrs.

:

52

Exam Marks

:

100


Part - A


Unit - 1

^ Review of vector matrix analysis. Discrete time control systems, Z-transform method: Introduction to discrete systems, pulse transfer function, stability analysis in the Z-plane.

7 Hours


Units - 2 & 3

State space analysis ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology of control systems: State space representation of systems, solving the time invariant state equations, transfer matrix, linear time invariant systems, state space representation of discrete time systems and solving discrete time ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology state equation.

12 Hours


Unit - 4

^ Pole Placement: Controllability, Observability for continuous time systems, pole placement design and state observers.

7 Hours

Part - B


Unit - 5

Optimal and Adaptive control systems: optimal control system based on quadratic performance index ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, adaptive control system.

6 Hours


Unit - 6

Describing function analysis of nonlinear control systems: Introduction to nonlinear systems, describing function analysis of nonlinear control systems, stability of nonlinear control system.

7 Hours


Units - 7 & 8

Compensation Techniques: Lead, lag ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, lead lag network and compensator design using Bode/Root locus techniques.

13 Hours


Text books:

  1. Modern Control Engineering-K. Ogata, Prentice 3rd Edition, Hall of India publication.

  2. Discrete time Control Systems-K.Ogata, 2nd Edition ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, Prentice Hall of India publication.


Reference Books:

  1. Digital control and state variable methods-Madan Gopal, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India.

  2. Modern Control Engineering-Roy Choudhury, Prentice Hall of India.



^ DIGITAL ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology IMAGE PROCESSING


Subject Code
:

10IT63
IA Marks
:

25

No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week

:

04

Exam Hours

:

03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs.

:

52

Exam Marks

:

100


Part - A


Unit - 1

Fundamentals: Introduction, Fundamental steps in digital image processing (DIP), components of DIP system ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, A simple image formation model, Image sampling and quantization, Basic relationship between pixels, Color image processing fundamentals and models.

6 Hours

Unit - 2

Image Transforms: Basic theory, Fourier transforms, Hadamard transform, Discrete cosines transform, Applications ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology of discrete image transforms.

6 Hours


Unit - 3

Image Enhancement in Spatial Domain: Background, Point processing – Image negatives, Log transformations, Power law transformations, Contrast stretching, Gray level slicing, Bit plane slicing, Histogram processing – Histogram equalization, Histogram matching ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology (specification), Local enhancement, Arithmetic/Logic operations – Image subtraction, Image averaging, Basics of spatial filtering, Smoothing spatial filters – Smoothing linear filters, order statistics filters, Sharpening spatial filters – Foundation, Laplacian and gradient.

7 Hours


Unit ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology - 4

Image Enhancement in Frequency Domain: Background, Basic properties of the frequency domain, Basic filtering in the frequency domain, Basic filters and their properties, Smoothing frequency domain filters – Ideal low-pass ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology filters, Butterworth low-pass filters, Gaussian low-pass filters, Sharpening frequency domain filters – Ideal high-pass filters, Butterworth high-pass filters, Gaussian high-pass filters, Homo morphic filtering.

7 Hours


Part - B


Unit - 5

Image Restoration: Image degradation and ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology restoration models, noise models, restoration using spatial filtering – mean filter, geometric mean filter, harmonic mean filter, median filter, max & min filters, midpoint filter.

6 Hours


Unit - 6

Noise filtering by frequency domain ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology filtering – band reject filter, band pass filter, notch filter, inverse filtering, minimum mean square error (Wiener) filtering.

6 Hours


Unit - 7

Image Compression: Fundamentals, variable length coding, LZW coding, bit plane coding, constant area coding ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology, run length coding, lossless predictive coding, lossy predictive coding, transform coding, image compression standards :basic, JPEG.

7 Hours

Unit - 8

Image Segmentation: Introduction, thresholding: threshold detection methods, optimal thresholding, multi-spectral thresholding, edge-based segmentation: edge ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology image thresholding, border tracing, Hough transform, region-based segmentation: region merging, region splitting, splitting & merging. Matching: matching criteria.

7 Hours


Text Books:

  1. Digital Image Processing - Rafael C. Gonzalez & Richard E. Woods, Second Edition. Pearson Education ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology Inc.

  2. Digital Image Processing, analysis and computer Vision- First edition, Milan Sonka, Cenage Learning, 2008.


Reference Book:

  1. Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing- Anil K. Jain, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India.

  2. Digital image ANALOG IC LAB - V semester b. E., Instrumentation technology processing, First edition, S.Jayaraman, S.Esakkirajan, J.Veerakumar, TMH-2008.



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