A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable




Ex-Offender Reentry in Delaware:

A Report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable


by: Stand Up for what's Right and Just (SURJ)


Funded by: The Welfare Foundation


Published by: Stand Up for what's A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Right and Just (SURJ)

Delaware Center for Justice (DCJ)


May 2007


ABOUT THE REPORT


This is the final report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable. A preliminary report was distributed in draft form to all Roundtable participants A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable in the hope that it would inform discussion at the Delaware Reentry Roundtable on September 29, 2006. The Roundtable convened a panel of key state policymakers, community leaders and experts; equipped them with A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable reentry data; and charged them with developing recommendations to ensure the success of the ex-offenders re-entering our communities.


When distributed at the Roundtable in September 2006, this report was still a work A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable in progress. We used feedback from Roundtable participants as well as the policy recommendations developed at the Roundtable to compile this final version. We tried to make this report as comprehensive A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable as possible so it can serve as a resource for all those working with ex-offenders and reentry issues in Delaware.


When we first began to work on this project in A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable 2005, we had hoped to include demographic information about Delaware’s ex-offenders as well as information about program participation and completion while incarcerated. SURJ and DCJ asked Dr. Danilo Yanich of the University of A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Delaware’s School of Urban Affairs and Public Policy to develop a profile of Delaware’s reentry population. Using data from Delaware Criminal Justice Information System (DelJIS) and the Delaware Department of A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Correction (DOC), Dr. Yanich conducted an analysis of all persons released from Level V custody in Delaware in calendar year 2004 – a total of 4,952 offenders. Unfortunately, Dr. Yanich encountered a number of A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable difficulties in obtaining information that was amenable to analysis. Some problems were apparent while others were not.


While we were unable to obtain the information we had hoped, we did learn some lessons that A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable can inform future research projects. The data currently gathered and compiled by DelJIS and the DOC is very useful for administrative purposes and for finding information about individuals, but it has not A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable been gathered for the purpose of aiding research or compiled in such a way that allows it to be analyzed by outside researchers in a meaningful way. For example A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable, raw DOC data tells us very little about why people are admitted to Level V facilities. It is the practice of the DOC to enter violations of probation (VOPs) as misdemeanors even though A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable they can cover a wide range of crimes. It is also the practice of the DOC to record only one statute as the lead crime at admission – and many times this is A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable not one of the crimes of conviction or even the lead crime of commission. Other information, such as participation in or completion of programs is not recorded in the DOC database. Currently, this type A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable of information can only be found by reviewing individual paper files, a prohibitively time-consuming and labor-intensive process.


^ Stand Up for what’s Right and Just (SURJ)

100 W. 10th Street A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable, Suite 615

Wilmington, DE 19801

Ph: 302-426-9252

Fax: 302-426-9251

E-mail: info@surj.org

www.surj.org

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


There are many who deserve thanks for their roles in the development of this report. First and foremost, this A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable report would not have been possible without all of the people, agencies, and organizations who took the time to meet with SURJ and answer questions about ex-offenders and reentry in Delaware A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable. In addition, SURJ had the assistance of hardworking staff members and interns who assisted with interviews and conducted extensive research on ex-offender reentry issues both nationally and in Delaware - Dana Sorenson A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable (Graduate Student Research Assistant), Kathryn Wolinski (Ameri-Corps VISTA Member), Kristine Campanelli (SURJ Intern), Andrew Mehdizadeh (SURJ Intern), and Joanna Champney (Research Assistant/Office Coordinator). Thank you also to Brook Patterson and A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Sarah Shafer (AmeriCorps VISTA Members at the University of Delaware). Dr. Danilo Yanich deserves special thanks for his hard work in developing a portrait of the Delaware reentry population. Finally, we would like A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable to thank the Welfare Foundation who provided funding for this report and the Delaware Reentry Roundtable.


^ Thank you to all of the individuals, agencies and organizations who contributed to this report:


Sally Allshouse A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable, Executive Director, Brandywine Counseling

Dr. Traci Bolander, Director of Mental Health, Correctional Medical Services

Sherese Brewington-Carr, Administrator, Prison-to-Work Initiative

Patricia Brooks, Case Manager Supervisor, Treatment Access Center

Russel Buskirk, MA, LCSW, CADC, Former A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Delaware Statewide Director, CiviGenics

Evelyn Capers, Staffing Co-ordinator, Goodwill Industries of DE and Delaware County

Nicole Cross, Intern, Delaware State Housing Authority

Steven Dettwyler, Director of Community Mental Health, DSAMH A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable

Lynn Fahey, Alpha Site Director, Brandywine Counseling

Drewry Nash Fennell, Esq., Executive Director, ACLU of Delaware

Jacob Gool, Client Service Supervisor, Connections CSP, Inc.

Julia Graff, Esq., Staff Attorney, ACLU of Delaware

James Harrison, Lancaster Site A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Director, Brandywine Counseling

Matthew J. Heckles, Executive Assistant, Delaware State Housing Authority

Paul Howard, Bureau Chief, Bureau of Prisons, Delaware Department of Correction

Chuck Huenke, Research Analyst, Delaware Statistical Analysis Center

Sandy Johnson A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable, Director, Delaware State Housing Authority

Rev. Tyrone C. Johnson, Founding Director/CEO, Churches Take a Corner

Jack Kemp, Director of Substance Abuse Services, DSAMH

Dr. Janet Kramer, Correctional Healthcare Expert

James Lafferty, Executive A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Director, Mental Health Association in Delaware

Bruce Lorenz, Director, Thresholds, Inc.

Kim Lucas, Coordinator of Treatment and Prevention Programs, DSAMH

Maria Matos, Executive Director, Latin American Community Center

Jeremy McEntire, Treatment Services Administrator, Delaware A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Department of Correction

Catherine Devaney McKay, MC, Founder, CEO, and President, Connections CSP, Inc.

Susan McLaughlin, Director, Treatment Access Center

Jack O’Connell, Director, Delaware Statistical Analysis Center

Alfred Onuonga, Program Director A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable/Offender Health, Delaware Center for Justice

Joseph Paesani, Deputy Bureau Chief, Department of Community Corrections, DOC

Senator Karen Peterson, Delaware General Assembly

Gail F. Riblett, Deputy Principal Assistant, State of Delaware Board of Parole

Cara Armbrister Robinson A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable, Executive Director, Homeless Planning Council of Delaware

Christine Saum, Assistant Professor, University of Delaware

Frank Scarpitti, Professor Emeritus, University of Delaware

Senator Liane Sorenson, Delaware General Assembly

Stanley Taylor, Former Commissioner, Delaware Department of Correction

Dr. Fran A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Tracy-Mumford, Director of Adult Education, Delaware Dept. of Education

Marie Treml, Investigator, State of Delaware Board of Parole

Paula Voshell, Management Analyst III, Delaware State Housing Authority

James Welch, Health Services Director, Delaware A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Department of Correction

Dr. Christopher Whittle, Prison Ministries of Delaware

Fay Whittle, Founder, Prison Ministries of Delaware



Table of Contents


Introduction ………….……………………………………………………………..1


Housing………………………………………………………………………………...1

Living with Relatives and Friends……………………………………………...…2

Other Housing Options……………………………………………………………3

Emergency Housing A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable……………………………………………………….3

Transitional and Supportive Housing……………………………………..3

Barriers to Providing Emergency, Transitional, and Supportive Housing..4

Private Market Housing…………………………………………………………...5

Public Housing…………………………………………………………………….6


Employment…………………………………………………………………………8

Challenges Faced by Ex-Offenders Seeking Employment………………………..8

Lack of Basic Necessities…………………………………………………8

Identification………………………………………………………………9

Transportation A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable……………………………………………………………..9

Reluctance of Employers to Hire Ex-Offenders…………………………..9 Legislative Barriers to Employment……………………………………..10

Retaining Employment…………………………………………………..10

Work Release…………………………………………………………………….10

Prison Employment and Prison Industries……………………………………….11

Community Programs that Work with Ex-Offenders……………………………12

Delaware Department of Labor and the Prison-to A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable-Work Initiative……………...12

Number of Ex-Offenders Served by DOL……………………………….12

Referrals to DOL…………………………………………………………12

Challenges to Providing Reentry Programs……………………………...13

Overview of Reentry Programs………………………………………….13


Education……………………………………………………………………………14

Prison Education in Delaware……………………………………………………15

Delaware’s Prison Adult Education A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Programs…………………………………..15

Overview…………………………………………………………………15

Postsecondary Education………………………………………………...16

Vocational Education…………………………………………………….17

Life Skills Program………………………………………………………17

Challenges to Providing Prison Education Programs……………………………18

Post-Release Educational Opportunities…………………………………………19


^ Substance Abuse………………………………………………………………….20

Trends and Changes in Delaware’s Sentencing of Drug Offenders……………..20

Delaware’s A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Drug Court and the Treatment Access Center………………………21

Intake and Assessment of Offenders in Need of Substance Abuse Treatment…..22

Treatment Programs in Department of Correction Facilities…………………….22

The Key/Crest/Aftercare Continuum…………………………………………….22

Key A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable……………………………………………………………………….23

Crest……………………………………………………………………...23

Aftercare…………………………………………………………………23

Effectiveness of the Program and Some Questions to Consider………....24

The GreenTree Program…………………………………………………………25

Sussex Bootcamp……….………………………………………………………..25

Other Treatment Options..……………………………………………………….26

Substance Abuse Treatment After Prison………………………………………..26

Barriers to Success…...………………….………………………………………27

Conclusion……………………………….………………………………………27


^ Mental Health……………………………………………………………………28

Lack of A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable Training for Police Officers………………………………………….29

Inmate Screening………………………...……………………………………29

Treatment in Prison Facilities…………………………………………………30

Treatment in Psychiatric Hospitals……………………………………………32

Co-Occuring Disorders: Mental Health and Substance Abuse………………..32

Community Linkages and Support Upon Reentry…………………………….33

Benefits…..……………………………………………………………………34


^ Physical Health…………………………………………………………………...35

Healthcare A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable in Correctional Institutions………………………………………….35

Challenges of Providing Healthcare to Inmates…………………………………36

Spread of Communicable Diseases in Prison……………………………………37

Chronic Conditions………………………………………………………………39

Screening………………………………………………………………………...39

Release from Prison……….……………………………………………………..40

Impact on Communities…….……………………………………………………41


^ Other Issues Affecting Reentry……………………………………………41


Delaware Department of Correction Policy A report of the Delaware Reentry Roundtable and Procedure………………………..41

Preparation for Release…………………………………………………………41

Identification……………………………………………………………………42

Gate Money……………………………………………………………………..42

Clothing…………………………………………………………………………42

Transportation…………………………………………………………………...43

Maintaining Relationships with Family and Friends……………………………43

Visits….………………………………………………………………….43

Phone Calls………………………………………………………………43

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