4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application


^ 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS


    1. The list of information sources comprises all the literary and other sources used for writing the paper. A sample of 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application formatting the bibliography list is given in Appendix 3.

    2. The sources are written in the alphabetic order on the basis of the Latin alphabet, and the source should be mentioned irrespective of whether 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application it has been published or not. The electronic resources and interviews are included in the common list of sources with printed sources.

    3. The list begins with information sources which have been written using 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application the Latin letters (this refers also to the Scandinavian, Estonian and other authors having specific characters in their surnames (two dots above a letter, or the so called umlauts: ä, ö etc.), if the 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application works have been published in the original.

    4. In case the Russian authors’ works have been used, they should be listed after the sources with the Latin letters. They should be sequenced 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application according to the original Cyrillic alphabet.

    5. In case a book has several authors or a group of authors, where each chapter has one concrete author, and the student has used one specific chapter, it should 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application be listed by the author of the chapter.

    6. The title of a book, magazine, or journal should be written in italics.

    7. The bibliography list page is not numbered!

4.8. elements and sequence 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application of details of sources mentioned in the bibliography list
^ 4.8.1. A book with an author or authors
Author A., Author B.1998. Title of the Book. City, Publisher, 218 pp.

Author, A.B., Author 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application, C.D.1998. Title of the Book. City, Publisher, 218 pp.

4.8.2. A bookwithout an author, the name of the editor given

Editor, A.(ed.)1992. Title of the Book. City, Publisher, 216 pp.

4.8.3. Books and other materials without an author

If the book has no author, the publisher’s name is given instead 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application, listing them in the alphabetic order. Izdevējs Gads. Grāmatas nosaukums. Pilsēta, 210 pp.

Publisher 1994. Title of the Book. City, 210 pp.


4.8.4. Books with or without authors, with or without editors, but each separate chapter is given the author’s name.

If a 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application specific chapter has been used:

Nodaļas autors A.1999. Nodaļas nosaukums. Nodaļas lpp. Grāmatas nosaukums. Pilsēta,)izdevējs, grāmatas lpp.

Author of the Chapter, A.B.1999. Title of 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application Chapter. pp. 11. Title of the Book. City, Publisher, 87 pp.
^ 4.8.5. Articles in journals, scientific research papers, conference materials
Autors A.1994. Raksta nosaukums. Žurnāla nosaukums, Nr. 5, 23. – 34. lpp.

Author,A.B.1994. Title of the article. Name of the Journal, 29 (2), pp. 32 – 43.

Author,A.B.1994. Title 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application of the article. Name of the Conference, City, Date, pp. 32 – 43.
^ 4.8.6.Articles in newspapers
Autors A.1994. Raksta nosaukums. Laikraksta nosaukums, laikraksta iznākšanas datums.

4.8.7. Unpublished papers, the authors’ names given 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application or mentioned

Author A. 1991.Title of the Paper. Annual Project/ Diploma Paper, Institution where it is found, City, pp.

4.8.9. Archive materials should have the fund number, description number, file number, page number (abbr.- p !!!), divided by 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application comas. If materials from one fund have been used, the letters are mentioned with the fund number. If very many materials have been used from the same fund, the letters are given with the 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application description number or the file number. Names of institutions and archives maybe abbreviated. Different museums and libraries may have different systems of material descriptions. In such specific cases one should stick to 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application the museum or the archive style.

4.8.10.Museum archive materials may have only the inventory number.

4.8.11.Cartographic materials

It is advisable to mention the scale of the map.

4.8.12. Interview

If a person is interviewed 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application, the reference is both included in the text and indicated in the list of sources with the person’s position or connection with the subject matter.

4.8.13. Bibliographic description elements and sequence of electronic resources


Author or the name of the electronic resource: other information [Electronic resource], [annotation if the author is not given]. – Access mode. – Resource 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application description date.

Examples:


4.9. Use of references in the text.


4.9.1. In the text it should be clearly and unmistakably indicated what has been said by the quoted author and what is said by 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application the student – the paper’s author. Therefore after each paragraph where a source has been used, a reference should be given in brackets: the quoted author’s surname and the 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application publication year of the quoted work, for example, (Green 1996) or (Brown & White 1961).

4.9.2. If the author is not given, then: publisher and year (Latvijas Republikas Valsts statistikas komiteja 1998) and (WTO 1993), archive name and 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application fund number (LVA 1631.f) or the inventory number (LVMM inv.Nr.3337).

4.9.3. If several one author’s works have been published in the same year, then after the year follows the letter given in the 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application bibliography list. (Pabriks 1996a).

4.9.4. If there are references to several authors, their names are given in brackets in the chronological order of their publications. (Krūmiņš 1989, Baldonieks 1990, Balodis 1992c).

4.9.5. If 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application there are more than 3 authors, only the first author is mentioned. (Green et al 1963), (Kalnājs a.o.1997).

4.9.6. If there are two authors with identical names and the publication year is also the 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application same, initials are used. In case the initials are identical, full title should be given.

4.9.7. If an interview is mentioned, the reference should give the interviewee’s name as the author. (Šķiņķis 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application 2001).

4.9.8. For electronic information should be given a reference to the author and the year indicating that it is an electronic resource with an abbreviation ER (Mackevičs 2005, ER). If there is no 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application author, the owner of the electronic resource is given, the year when the resource has been described and the abbreviation ER, for example, (TAVA -a 2003, ER)., (WTO 2003, ER). The tables, photographs, graphs, charts, schematic 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application maps, pictures, etc. should also have references unless they are designed by the author.

4.9.9. If the text is rewritten word for word from a source, it is a quotation and should 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application be put in quotation marks. After the quotation, like after references, the author, year, and by all means, the page number should be indicated, from which the quotation has been 4. formatting THE REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THE REFERENCE LIST OF THE THESIS - Application taken. In English spelling there is no dot after the page number, for example: “Citāts” (Green 1996, p 34.)
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